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48 96 Committee

48 96 Committee - Home Page

This AFA Research Committee was created by a membership motion brought before the membership and determined by online vote.

The Process:

The AFA committee has been formed to research the pros and cons of changing to a 48/96 shift schedule. The committee will make recommendations to the Eboard. The Eboard will publish this committee report to the membership for review. If the committee makes recommendations to change our existing shift schedule and the Eboard accepts these recommendations, another motion would be offered to the membership to decide, by online vote, if they wish to accept the committee's recommendations. Of course, any changes to the shift schedule would have to be approved by management. 

This page has been created to keep our membershp informed with regards to the progress of the 48/96 Committee. 

The Discussion Board for evaluation of a 48 96 schedule continues to be open to address any issues or questions that our members may have about information reported here or from other sources. 



Initial sources:

Local 440 Website - Source dedicated to the 48/96 Schedule 

Project Mayday conducted by Don Abbott that surveyed 293 maydays from 264 departments. "Less than 9 percent of participating departments work a 48/96 shift schedule, but this shift accounts for 39 percent of maydays."

International Fire Chiefs Association article addressing addresses 48-96 and the lack of studies regarding shift-work in general. "While 24-hour shifts have been the norm for quite some time, it's not uncommon for large, busy agencies to work 10/14s, 12s or some other modified shift of less than 24 hours. Yet, in the western U.S., a number of departments have gone to a 48/96 schedule. That's right, 48 hours on, 96 hours off. Most members love that schedule, but is it appropriate? Quite frankly, I'm surprised that fire and EMS haven't already been regulated away from shifts that are more than 12 hours... Regardless, if we're not careful, we're going to be told how many hours we'll be allowed to work, and it will probably mean the death of the 24-hour shift."

Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine articles acknowledges the lack of information regarding long term effects of consecutive shifts worked and proposes a hypothesis. "Despite the fact that very long (> 48 hrs) shifts are common among firefighters in the United States, little is known about the impact of consecutive 24-hr shifts on the cardiovascular health of firefighters... Based on the "heuristic" concept, we hypothesize that the control capacity of the cardiovascular system in firefighters will decrease to some extent through a single 24-hour shift, but it will return to its initial level of capacity following 24-hr off-duty days. However, if a firefighter does 24-hr shifts consecutively, particularly 72 or 96 hours of consecutive work, the control capacity of the cardiovascular system in the firefighter will decrease significantly due to increased work and rest imbalance, which results in accumulating cardiovascular strain over consecutive 24-hr shifts."

NIOSH Report for cardiac arrest of California Lieutenant after working three consecutive 24 hour shifts. "Recommendation #2: Limit the number of consecutive shifts a FF can work... Allowing fire fighters to work consecutive shifts may represent not only an injury and illness risk issue for individual fire fighters, but also a safety and health risk for their coworkers."



1) Document Library

2) 48/96 Committee Meeting Minutes:

- September 25, 2018 - Meeting 

- July 27, 2018 - Meeting

- July 6, 2018 - Meeting 

- June 15, 2018 - Meeting

3) AFD Opinions

4) AFD Runs 

5) Dr. Kruse Letter

6) St. Anthony Hospital Report

We will continue to post information to this page so please check back periodically for any updates from this Committee. 



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